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?Support for Marijuana Legalization Continues to Rise

支持大麻合法化的呼声继续高涨

The General Social Survey has been asking Americans if marijuana should be legal since 1973.

大麻是否应该合法化这项社会调查从1973年一直持续至今。



Americans’ support for legalized marijuana has been growing steadily over the years, mirroring changes in marijuana laws across the country. A collaborative analysis by The AP-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research and the GSS staff using the 2018 General Social Survey (GSS) shows that 61 percent say marijuana should be legal, up from 57 percent two years ago. Thirty-one percent say it should not be legal, compared with 38 percent in 2016.

这些年来,美国人对大麻合法化的支持一直在稳步增长,反映出美国各地大麻法律的变化。AP-NORC公共事务研究中心和GSS工作人员利用2018年社会调查(GSS)进行的合作分析显示,61%的人认为大麻应该合法,高于两年前的57%。31%的人认为这不合法,而2016年这一比例为38%。

Last November, Michigan became the 10th state to legalize marijuana for recreational use. And voters in Utah and Missouri approved the medical use of marijuana, which is now legal in 33 states.

去年11月,密歇根州成为第十个将娱乐用大麻合法化的州。犹他州和密苏里州的选民批准了大麻的医疗用途,目前大麻在33个州合法。

The GSS has been asking Americans about the legalization of marijuana since 1973, when the public’s backing for legalization was 19 percent. As recently as 10 years ago, support stood only at 35 percent.

1973年公众支持大麻合法化的比例为19%,GSS从1973年以来一直在询问美国人大麻合法化的问题。就在10年前,支持率仅为35%。

大麻应该合法吗?(下图)
蓝色:支持合法的人数比例 红色:认为不应该合法的人数比例



For the first time, most Republicans back legalizing marijuana, with 54 percent in favor, up from 45 percent in 2016. A majority of Democrats have favored legalization since 2014. In the current survey, 76 percent of Democrats endorse the legalization of marijuana, up from 65 percent in 2016.

多数共和党人首次支持大麻合法化,支持率为54%,高于2016年的45%。自2014年以来,大多数民主党人都赞成合法化。在目前的调查中,76%的民主党人支持大麻合法化,高于2016年的65%。


大麻应该合法吗?(下图)
蓝色:民主党人支持合法的人数比例 红色:共和党人支持合法的人数比例



Support has climbed among all age groups. While just 46 percent of Americans age 65 and older say marijuana should be legalized, it is up 4 points from 42 percent in 2016. A majority of younger Americans continue to support legal marijuana, particularly those age 18 to 34. Seventy-two percent of Americans age 18 to 34 endorse the legalization of marijuana, up from 66 percent in 2016.

所有年龄组的支持率都在上升。尽管只有46%的65岁及以上的美国人认为大麻应该合法化,但与2016年的42%相比上升了4个百分点。大多数美国年轻人继续支持合法大麻,特别是18至34岁的人。72%18至34岁的美国人支持大麻合法化,高于2016年的66%。



The GSS is administered by NORC at the University of Chicago, primarily using in-person interviewing. The GSS started in 1972 and completed its 32th round in 2018. For the past 46 years, the GSS has been monitoring societal change and the growing complexity of American society. The GSS is the largest project funded by the Sociology Program of the National Science Foundation.

GSS是由芝加哥大学的NORC管理,主要使用面谈进行民意调查。GSS始于1972年,于2018年完成第32轮。在过去的46年里,GSS一直在关注社会的变化和美国社会日益复杂的情况。GSS是由国家科学基金会资助的最大社会学项目。

The typical sample size was 1,500 prior to 1994, but increased to 2,700-3,000 until 2008 and decreased to 2,000-2,500 for the most recent surveys. Resulting margins of error are between +/- 3.1 for the smaller sample sizes and +/- 2.2 percentage points for the larger sample sizes at the 95 percent confidence level. The GSS 1972-2018 Cumulative File was utilized to produce the statistics presented.

1994年之前的典型样本量为1500个,但在2008年之前增加到2700-3000个,在最近的调查中减少到2000-2500个。在95%的置信水平下,较小样本的误差范围为+/-3.1,较大样本的误差范围为+/-2.2%。GSS 1972-2018累积文件用于生成所提供的统计数据。